Eventually, the growing power of Rome would overwhelm Italy’s Greek colonies, absorbing them into their seemingly unstoppable empire. But for many centuries, the Grecian culture flourished. And even today, Greek ruins can be spotted among the temples and amphitheaters of ancient Rome.
Back in the early days of Greek colonization, settlers from the island of Euboea arrived on the coast of what is now Campania, some 15 miles from the modern-day city of Naples. By this time, colonists already flourished on the nearby island of Pithecusae, and those in charge were keen to push on to the mainland.
In Campania the Greek colonists were drawn to a patch of fertile ground flanked by the ocean on one side. And there, they founded the city of Cumae in around 750 B.C. Interestingly, they were not the first to settle there – in fact, experts believe that both Bronze Age and Iron Age dwellings once existed on the site.