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Image: via Luminarium

18. Elizabeth I was actually a boy in drag

According to an American writer, Steve Berry, the real Elizabeth Tudor died when she was around ten years old, after falling sick while escaping an outbreak of the plague. Her minders, fearing execution, dressed a boy from a local village in her clothes – and fooled even her father, King Henry VIII, in a charade that lasted all “her” life. Supposedly, the “Virgin Queen” never married because she was actually a man.

Image: Jeaaann

17. The Great Sphinx wasn’t built by the Ancient Egyptians

Instead, it was just restored by them, according to a tablet discovered in Giza. The “Inventory Stela” notes that Khufu, the pharaoh on whom the sphinx is thought to be based, “restored the statue, all covered in painting.” Indeed, Gaston Maspero, a French Egyptologist, suggested that by the time of the pharaohs, “the Sphinx was already buried in sand” – and therefore built by an even older civilization.

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Image: USN

16. Roosevelt provoked Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor

During the Second World War, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was looking for an excuse to declare war on the Axis forces – at least, according to political economist Robert Higgs. Indeed, he writes that Roosevelt attempted to first bait Hitler into attacking the U.S. When that failed, he instead brought economic sanctions down on Japan – fully aware their retaliation would include attacking Pearl Harbor.

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